The NWSA is teaming up with various organizations to develop
wheelchair softball teams and programs for children with physical
disabilities. The NWSA is currently seeking individuals to help
build this fledgling program. Our ultimate goal is to help foster a
program that provides the same confidence and team-building
techniques for children with disabilities that their able-bodied
counterparts enjoy through the participation of school-sponsored
team sports. For more info see
Teams and Programs. For pictures
Juniors Division Tournament.
If you have an interest to help promote a program for children in
your area, please
SOFTBALL IS PLAYED UNDER THE OFFICIAL RULES OF 16” SLOW PITCH SOFTBALL
AS APPROVED BY THE AMATEUR SOFTBALL ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, WITH THE
The National Wheelchair Softball Association (NWSA) follows the
rules and regulations for 16” softball established by the American
Softball Association (ASA) with the following additions, modifications,
The playing field shall be a level smooth surface of blacktop or
similar materials with 150 feet on the foul lines and 180-220 feet
to straight center.
The official diamond shall have 50 feet between all bases and 70
feet, 8.5 inches from home to 2nd.
The pitching stripe extending perpendicularly 1 foot on either side
of the diagonal from home to 2nd base shall be located 28 feet from
At 2nd base shall be located a 4 feet diameter circle. At 1st and
3rd base, in fair territory, shall be located a 4 feet diameter
semicircle. The bases shall be painted white.
At 1st base only, the base is extended into foul territory. The
extension shall be 24 inches deep and 24 inches wide beginning at he
50-mark and shall be white. This extension may be used by the base
runner only as an extended tag area for 1st base.
A restraining line shall be marked 12 feet from the bases and
parallel to the baselines, which run from 1st base to 2nd base, and
from 2nd to 3rd base.
A semicircle restraining line shall be marked in the outfield 100
feet from home plate and extend to each foul line.
Teams are balanced by the following point system:
Quad (any) = 1 point; Class I = 1 point; Class II = 2 points; Class
III = 3 points.
play at one classification less than their NWBA woman division
classification. NWSA will use the classification system of the National
Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA) and the United States Quad
Rugby Association (USQRA) to determine point values for players.
At no time in a game shall a team have players participating with a
total value of points greater than 22.
The coach, in placing his/her team’s roster in the official
score book before each game, shall place a Roman numeral
prominently and in a common line between the player’s disability
The official scorer shall be responsible for seeing that
personnel on the field for either team at any given time does
not exceed the above balance rule. This will only have to be
checked at the beginning of the game and at time of
substitutions. No checking of the total value points will be
necessary if I substitutes for a I, II, or III; or if a II
substitutes for a II or III. It will only be necessary if a III
substitutes for a II or a I, or if a II substitutes for a I.
Rules of Play:
A team must have the required 10 players, including one or more
quads, to start the game.
The “Chop Hit” is allowed in the National Wheelchair Softball
All participants must be in manual wheelchairs with foot platforms.
The defensive baseman and the base runner must touch the circle with
one or more wheels in order to tag the base, these wheels include
the 1-2 front caster wheels and the two rear wheels. Anti-tip
casters are not considered as a wheel.
The base runner must be seated in his/her wheelchair and may tag or
make contact with the base with either one or more wheels, or may
tag the base with his/her hand. If a runner is knocked out of
his/her chair, he/she may proceed to the previous or next base by
any means other than hopping, walking, or running, and make contact
with the base with any part of his/her body. A base runner may not
place a lower extremity (waist down) on the ground or someone else’s
chair to stop his/her chair. If he/she does, the play is dead will
result in a delay dead ball situation.
No fielder may advance toward or play the ball with any lower
extremity in contact with the ground. A player may return to his/her
chair and then advance toward the ball. The infraction will be
treated as a delayed dead ball, subject to established ASA rules.
The hitter cannot have a lower extremity in contact with the ground
when hitting. If he/she does, the ball is dead, the batter is out,
and all base runners return to the last base achieved before the
The ASA rule subject to the EXTRA PLAYER (EP) is not legal in
All 4 infielders must have at least one wheel on the line or on the
infield area side of the restraining line until the ball leaves the
pitcher’s hand. If any infielder fails to observe the restraining
line rule, the umpire will immediately award the 1st base to the
batter. The infraction shall be treated as a walk.
All outfielders other than the short fielder must remain behind the
outfield restraining line until the pitcher releases the ball during
Lifting is the act of raising the player's buttock's so that both
cheeks are no longer in contact with the seating platform of the
wheelchair or the cushion where a cushion is used on the wheelchair
in order to gain an unfair advantage. The infraction will be treated
as a delayed dead ball subject to established ASA rules.
All teams are required to have a quadriplegic on their team in
active play. This means that when the team is on defense, they must
have a quad playing one of those positions. Failure to have a quad
take the field will require the team to play a fielder short (i.e.,
9 rather than 10 players). When the team is hitting there must be a
quad in the batting lineup and bat in the same position throughout
the game. Failure to have a quad hit in that position will be an
Quads can bunt in the National Wheelchair Association, but must
inform the umpire before first at bat of quad status during any
The player classified as a quad may wear a glove on either or both
hands regardless of position (including pitcher).
The player classified as a quad may alter their bat to improve the
grip. The altered bat must be approved by the head umpire for safety
concerns (no sharp or pointed edges, etc.). 16. The player
classified as a quad may wear a glove on either or both hands
regardless of position (including pitcher).