The NWSA is teaming up with various organizations to develop
wheelchair softball teams and programs for children with physical
disabilities. The NWSA is currently seeking individuals to help
build this fledgling program. Our ultimate goal is to help foster a
program that provides the same confidence and team-building
techniques for children with disabilities that their able-bodied
counterparts enjoy through the participation of school-sponsored
team sports. For more info see
Teams and Programs. For pictures
Juniors Division Tournament.
If you have an interest to help promote a program for children in
your area, please
SOFTBALL IS PLAYED UNDER THE OFFICIAL RULES OF 16Ē SLOW PITCH SOFTBALL
AS APPROVED BY THE AMATEUR SOFTBALL ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, WITH THE
The National Wheelchair Softball Association (NWSA) follows the rules
and regulations for 16" softball established by the American Softball
Association (ASA) with the following additions, modifications, and
1. The playing field shall be a level smooth surface of blacktop or
similar materials with 150 feet on the foul lines and 180-220 feet to
2. The official diamond shall have 50 feet between all bases and 70
feet, 8.5 inches from home to 2nd.
3. The pitching stripe extending perpendicularly 1 foot on either
side of the diagonal from home to 2nd base shall be located 28 feet from
4. At 2nd base shall be located a 4 feet diameter circle. At 1st and
3rd base, in fair territory, shall be located a 4 feet diameter
semicircle. The bases shall be painted white.
5. At 1st base only, the base is extended into foul territory. The
extension shall be 24 inches deep and 24 inches wide beginning at he
50-mark and shall be white. This extension may be used by the base
runner only as an extended tag area for 1st base.
6. A restraining line shall be marked 12 feet from the bases and
parallel to the baselines, which run from 1st base to 2nd base, and from
2nd to 3rd base.
7. A semicircle restraining line shall be marked in the outfield 100
feet from home plate and extend to each foul line.
1. Teams are balanced by the following point system: Quad (any) = 1
point; Class I = 1 point; Class II = 2 points; Class III = 3 points.
Women shall play at one classification less than their NWBA woman
division classification. NWSA will use the classification system of the
National Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA) and the United States
Quad Rugby Association (USQRA) to determine point values for players.
2. At no time in a game shall a team have players participating with
a total value of points greater than 22.
a. The coach, in placing his/her teamís roster in the official score
book before each game, shall place a Roman numeral prominently and in a
common line between the playerís disability classifications.
b. The official scorer shall be responsible for seeing that personnel
on the field for either team at any given time does not exceed the above
balance rule. This will only have to be checked at the beginning of the
game and at time of substitutions. No checking of the total value points
will be necessary if I substitutes for a I, II, or III; or if a II
substitutes for a II or III. It will only be necessary if a III
substitutes for a II or a I, or if a II substitutes for a I.
Rules of Play:
1. A team must have the required 10 players, including one or more
quads, to start the game.
2. The "Chop Hit" is allowed in the National Wheelchair Softball
3. All participants must be in manual wheelchairs with foot
4. The defensive baseman and the base runner must touch the circle
with one or more wheels in order to tag the base, these wheels include
the 1-2 front caster wheels and the two rear wheels. Anti-tip casters
are not considered as a wheel.
5. The base runner must be seated in his/her wheelchair and may tag
or make contact with the base with either one or more wheels, or may tag
the base with his/her hand. If a runner is knocked out of his/her chair,
he/she may proceed to the previous or next base by any means other than
hopping, walking, or running, and make contact with the base with any
part of his/her body. A base runner may not place a lower extremity
(waist down) on the ground or someone elseís chair to stop his/her
chair. If he/she does, the play is dead will result in a delay dead ball
6. No fielder may advance toward or play the ball with any lower
extremity in contact with the ground. A player may return to his/her
chair and then advance toward the ball. The infraction will be treated
as a delayed dead ball, subject to established ASA rules.
7. The hitter cannot have a lower extremity in contact with the
ground when hitting. If he/she does, the ball is dead, the batter is
out, and all base runners return to the last base achieved before the
8. The ASA rule subject to the EXTRA PLAYER (EP) is not legal in
9. All 4 infielders must have at least one wheel on the line or on
the infield area side of the restraining line until the ball leaves the
pitcherís hand. If any infielder fails to observe the restraining line
rule, the umpire will immediately award the 1st base to the batter. The
infraction shall be treated as a walk.
10. All outfielders other than the short fielder must remain behind
the outfield restraining line until the pitcher releases the ball during
11. Lifting is the act of raising the player's buttock's so that both
cheeks are no longer in contact with the seating platform of the
wheelchair or the cushion where a cushion is used on the wheelchair in
order to gain an unfair advantage. The infraction will be treated as a
delayed dead ball subject to established ASA rules.
12. Quad Requirement. At no time in a game shall a team have players
participating with a total value of points greater than 22. If a team
does not roster a quad or the quad cannot continue, that team will be
limited to 19 classification points and an automatic out will be called
at the quads original batting position or every tenth batter. If a team
rosters a quad, that team is required to have a quad in active play at
All teams are required to have a quadriplegic on their team in active
play. This means that when the team is on defense, they must have a quad
playing one of those positions. Failure to have a quad take the field
will require the team to play a fielder short (i.e., 9 rather than 10
players). When the team is hitting there must be a quad in the batting
lineup and bat in the same position throughout the game. Failure to have
a quad hit in that position will be an automatic out.
13. Quads can bunt in the National Wheelchair Association, but must
inform the umpire before first at bat of quad status during any given
14. The player classified as a quad may wear a glove on either or
both hands regardless of position (including pitcher).
15. The player classified as a quad may alter their bat to improve
the grip. The altered bat must be approved by the head umpire for safety
concerns (no sharp or pointed edges, etc.). 16. The player classified as
a quad may wear a glove on either or both hands regardless of position
16.Overthrow. If a pickoff throw results in an overthrow or blocked
ball, runners may advance a maximum of one base after retouching the
original base. All base-runners may advance at their own risk.